by John McGregor (SCI Master Steinologist, Dec.)
This article is from the Pacific Stein
Sammler library, and
was written many years ago by the late John McGregor, Master
and author of over fifty articles in Prosit. It has been updated with
help of Chris Wheeler to include links to
Steinmarks. Click on the image for more information on the
Many of the logos we see on our
beer steins are not those of
a manufacturer, but of a finishing shop/distributor, or in German, a
und Malerei" which is to say a tin foundry and paint shop. To help
some of the confusion over who is who, I have put together this list,
includes the majority of known finishing shop/distributers. I have
pewter marks of a couple of them, but it isn't the pewter marks that
confusing, it is the incised mark in the bottom of a stein that creates
illusion of a manufacturer. The finishing shop/distributor ordered the
with his mark applied and the factories were glad to do so. I have
information I have on each of them, which in some cases isn't much, but
have additional information on on these, or others still unlisted, and
to share your information, please contact the webmaster
LB&C was more than likely, L.
Bauernfreund & Co.,
pewter foundry, Munich, founded 1883. They employed 30 people and
business until World War I. They produced pewter fitted beer steins and
in porcelain, stoneware, faience and glass. They won exhibition awards
Nuremberg in 1885 and Amsterdam in 1887. We find some porcelain
made by a factory other than Freising but in the narrow bodied early
style that have "LBCM" stamped into their pewter, usually on the
shank. Mike Wald noted that he had encountered an LB&C stein with
stamped on the shank, making the connection between the two marks. All
known steinzeug, or salt glaze stoneware pieces, marked LB&C were
Hauber & Reuther.
Plato & Co. is an unidentified
finishing shop. Where it
was located is also unknown. The only stein I've seen with this mark is
& Reuther, model #160. There are several such pieces reported.
Hauber & Reuther
Theodor Wieseler - Theodor Wieseler was
located in Nuremberg.
He owned an "Einrichtungs Magazinen," or home furnishing warehouse.
His establishment provided everything for the home including beer
part of the business was a "Bierkrugfabrik" with "Zinngiesserei"
and "Malerei," or finishing shop with pewter and paint shops. In 1901,
he began an expansion of his business outside of Nuremberg. The company
in business, as one of the oldest, and largest, wholesale co-ops in
Today, the company is headquartered in Essen, Germany and is called
Nürnberger Bund Produktionsverbindungshandels GmbH."
Merkelbach & Wick
Note that the all lower case "geseztlich
on the upper mark is the same size and font as that used on HR steins
same used with the LB&C mark above. Many factories made steins for
Wieseler, HR, Merkelbach & Wick, Gerz, and Matthias Girmscheid to
name a few.
L. Ostermayr - This Nuremberg firm is a
seller of fine gift
wares and souvenirs, including ceramic and metal items. They are still
at Köningstrasse 35-37, but only occupy 1/3 of the building. See an old
Ostermayr brochure HERE.
Felsenstein & Mainzer - Located in
Nuremberg, this firm
probably did very little in the way of decoration, they were first and
Zinngiesserei and distributer of pewter wares.
Jacob Goldschmidt - Located in Nuremberg
and founded in 1890.
They purchased many of their steins from Marzi-Remy.
Gebrüder Goldschmidt - In 1906 Jacob's
joined the firm. They were primarily pewterers.
Ludwig Mory - Ludwig Mory's pewter shop
is no longer located
in the Marienplatz in Munich. The shop has moved to Amalienstrasse 16.
can be found on a few stoneware pieces that he obviously purchased to
through his shop.
Joseph Reinemann - The firm was founded
in Munich in 1873. In
1880, Otto Lowenstein took over the company, but retained the Reinemann
Reinemann (Otto Lowenstein) was partnered with pewterer Josef
brother of Ludwig Lichtinger. For a while, their product line included
with decor produced specifically for them, by Franz Ringer.
Martin Pauson - One of the better known
pewterers, Pauson ran
a pewter and paint shop located at 5 Neuhauserstrasse, Munich.
Joseph Mayer - Was located at 1
Löwengrube, Munich. The firm
was founded in 1888 and specialized in painting porcelain.
B&C - This is an unidentified
finishing shop that bought
most of its steins from Marzi-Remy.
B&D - This is an unidentified
finishing shop that bought
many of its steins from Reinhold Hanke.
Brüder Thannhauser - The Brüder
Thannhauser, Albert and
Josef, referred to their firm as a "Kunstzinngusswaaren-Fabrik un
a manufacturer and seller of artistic cast pewter and paint shop, that
located at 16 Kaufingerstrasse, Munich. They produced some of the
of the time. It would be a real toss up between the Brüder Thannhauser
Ludwig Lichtinger as to whose pewter was of finer quality.
TP - The owner of this mark was Johann
Peter Thewalt, NOT
Paulus & Thewalt, regardless of what you may read in a couple of
reference books. See the "fabrikmarke" or factory logo just to the
left. We have an e-mail from Paulus and Thewalt that reads as follows:
"Dear Mr. Gray, At first let me thank you for your request. We are
tell you that we never produced Bierkruge. We produce and deal with
pharmaceutical instruments. Best Regards, Torsten Bowe, Paulus &
GmbH & Co." For more on this mark see the article on the SCI
Wekara - WEKARA stands for Wilhelm E.
Krumeich aus Ransbach (WEKARA)
The firm operated from 1845 to ca.1978. References disagree on the
some say 1910 and others 1978. There are some inexpensive "souvenir"
steins marked WEKARA that are definitely post WWII. They purchased
many sources with their mark applied and were one of the very few
shops that purchased steins from Mettlach other than 1526 and 1909
Another was Friedrich van Hauten of Bonn
R. Hanke or D.& B.
L.T./M. - An unidentified shop, possibly
L. Thannemann of
Munich, that purchased steins from Marzi-Remy, Reinhold Hanke and
Breiden. The upper mark is found on Marzi-Remy steins and the lower on
Hanke and Duemler & Breiden pieces. There is a possible link
and Jos. Mayer, but exactly how they were linked is, as yet,
A.Wahnschaffe - The entire logo reads:
königl.(ich) bayer.(ischer) Hoflieferant Nürnberg." This tells us that
Wahnschaffe was located in Nürnberg and that he was "Purveyer to the
Bavarian Court." According to a tourist guidebook ca.1905, the company
located at Josephsplatz 18 and they dealt in "Retail and wholesale
carvings from the Bavarian highland, portfolios, fancy goods and
Nürnberg. To date, only two steins are known with this mark, both were
manufactured by Hauber & Reuther.
Friedrich van Hauten - Located in Bonn,
at 31-32 Sternstrasse,
they were decoraters of glass, porcelain and stoneware. Founded in
were in business until ca.1914. They purchased their bodies from seveal
including V&B and Merkelbach & Wick. Like A. Wahnschaffe above,
identified themselves as a "Hoflieferant," or "Purveyer to the
Royal Court." In the case of van Hauten it was the German, Imperial
S.T. - Unknown finishing shop. This mark
is seen only rarely
and it is found on steins with elaborate hand painted scenes. The blank
bodies were produced by Marzi-Remy.
P.W. - Unidentified finishing shop,
possibly Peter Willems.
This mark is seen only rarely. The illustrated mark was found on a
W. Wild. marks are rare. One found on a
Merkelback & Wick
stein, read "W. Wild / Inh. Hugo Lindner / München." Inh. = Inhauber
= owner, indicating that W. Wild was a subsidiary of H. Lindner. I have
address for either other than Wienerplatz.
M. Wildmann - Probably located in
Munich. Wildmann's marks
are rare and are confirmed, so far, on Merkelbach & Wick and HR
W.B. - Unidentified distributor. This
mark is seen only
rarely. Note: This mark has been identifed as that of Wieseler
& Beeri. Click on image for more information.
Gebr. A./M. - Unidentified distributor,
probably from Munich.
This mark was found on a Marzi-Remy "black handle" stein. Note:
This mark has been identifed as that of Gebrüder
Allmann München. Click on image for more information.
Copyright © 2005
by John McGregor. All rights reserved.