(The large majority of reproduction regimental steins are made of
with a lithophane in the base.)
markings except for occasional mold numbers. If marked, the most common
producers are Merkelbach & Wick and "Paul Klutsch, Coblenz".
Porcelain steins are similarly unlikely to be marked. Lithophanes
portray a soldier and sweetheart, mother and sweetheart reading a
letter, or an
indoor/outdoor tavern scene. They are never erotic.
Original regimental steins are not stamped "Germany" on the base.
reproductions frequently display the trademark of Simon Peter Gerz,
Porcelain reproductions often use lithophanes of a nude or partially
woman (see images below).
The word "Germany" is frequently stamped on the base.
straight-sided or tapered bodies. Often there is a large amount of
"fill-in" on the design: for example, you can feel the buttons on the
soldiers' tunics. The scenes on the body are all from a single branch
- infantry, artillery, etc. - and never mixed (e.g., airplanes and
The dates of service are consistent with the uniforms and equipment
stein dated 1888 should not illustrate a 1905 locomotive or 1902 Maxim
are common, and the use of transfer designs which were intended for
bodies will result in misalignment of the design on both sides of the
Reproductions often depict designs at the base and lip representing
patterns as twisted rope, interlocking acorn, leaves, etc. These
never found on originals. The transfer design is predominantly smooth,
little evidence of hand-painted fill-in. Scenes may be of mixed
branches of the
service, or inconsistent with the finial and thumblift.
and outside curvature is smooth with no "bumps". The rear of the
handle is either plain, has a simple straight stripe along its axis, or
stylized floral design.
of all reproduction steins made to date have the characteristic "bump"
on the inside of the handle. This "bump" is never found on originals.
The rear of the handle almost always has some sort of design, and if it
from the two mentioned at left, the stein is a repro!
typically symbolize army corps district in which the reservist served.
lion represents Bavaria or Hesse; the Griffin, Baden; the Eagle,
The thumblifts were seldom "stylized" except on pre-1900 steins.
on reproduction steins do not match the Army Corps district indicated
scenes and the writing on the stein body. They frequently consist of
"imaginary" shapes or figures, such as serpent heads or gargoyles,
outside of the
lid is normally darker than the inside due to natural oxidation from
the air. The finial always matches the branch of service indicated on
If a man's figure is included in the final, his uniform should be the
that shown on the body scenes. This is especially true of the hat,
often the most distinctive part of the uniform.
pewter lid may
show a uniform darker color both inside and out, which is a clear sign
has been dipped in chemicals to simulate oxidation. The finials are
chosen for their appeal instead of being matched to the branch of
horse and rider (cavalry) are as likely to be found on an infantry
stein as a
man with pick and shovel (pioneer) is to be found on a naval stein.